Illegal Drug Addiction and Substance Abuse (Photo credit: epSos.de)
Drug addiction treatment is typically tailored to meet individual needs. Their needs are judged based off of factors such as home life, length of addiction, and the drug they are addicted to. By utilization of various treatment methods patients can learn to control their addiction and live normal, productive lives in society. Patients in treatment for drug addiction learn behavioral changes and often take medications as part of their treatment.
Behavioral therapies can include various sorts of counseling, psychotherapy, support groups, and family therapy. Treatment medications can provide mental support and help suppress the withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings, they also block the effects of drugs. When methadone is used as a treatment for heroin addiction along with behavioral therapy there is a reduced rate of related health problems and relapses.
In the case of most addicts, the more treatment they receive, the more likely they are to remain drug-free. Along with addiction rehabilitation many patients also require medical attention. The life of a drug addict is not safe and many find themselves susceptible to life threatening diseases, such as HIV, which must be treated.
It has been found that in-patients who remain in treatment for periods longer than three months are more likely to have better recovery results. Addicts who go through withdrawal while using medication to minimize their discomfort without further forms of treatment have the same results as recovering addicts that never received medically supported withdrawal.
Most treatment facilities are there to assist the addict in their goal to become and remain ‘clean’. The short-term goal is to stop the drug abuse. The long-term goal is achieved with concentrated effort on the part of the patient. Through various forms of therapy the patient can be retrained in their daily habits so they no longer participate or perform harmful actions which had previously contributed to their destructive behavior. The therapy also shows how to step away from those in their lives who had enabled or aided their addiction.
Rehabilitation centers have several different programs they utilize. Many offer short-term recovery options that are usually less than six months. These short-term programs typically include both in-house and outpatient therapy sessions in both individual and peer groups sessions. The long-term treatments are usually for the more severe drug addiction cases and frequently include medical maintenance such as methadone treatments.
Outpatient programs usually offer drug-free treatments and instead utilize a system of regular therapy and coaching systems to assist the patient recover from their addiction. Most of the outpatient programs involve individual or peer group counseling. Outpatient treatments are usually recommended for those with strong family support and minor or newer addictions.
Drug abuse has a large-scale effect on society, it has been estimated that 67 billion dollars are lost each year due to drug addiction. Drug addiction treatment can reduce this number. It has been shown that it costs approximately $3,600 per month to leave an addict untreated and in the community, in jail they would cost the community $3,300 per month plus the cost of their treatment. A treated patient on a methadone maintenance programs costs the community approximately $290 per month.